Broad beans are vegetables from the legume family that are very easy and quick to grow.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Vicia faba
Family : Legumes
Type : Annual
Height : 40 to 400 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Light, not too wet
Sowing : Spring
Harvest : About 3 months after sowing
- Health: benefits and virtues of the bean
We appreciate it for its nutty taste and its ease in cooking, both raw and cooked.
The bean is sown very simply, February to April everywhere in France and even a little earlier, toOctober to December, for Mediterranean and mild climates in winter.
> When to sow the beans?
The best time to sow the beans is in late winter and spring.
- Sowing beans in the ground: February-April
- Harvesting beans sown at the end of winter: may June
Regions with mild winters (Midi, South-West, West)
- Sowing beans: October November
- Harvesting beans sown in the fall: March-May
Successful sowing of beans:
- Loosen the soil approximately 30 cm.
- Make furrows 10-15 cm deep.
- Place a seed every 10 cm approximately then push it in slightly with your thumb. (An alternative is to sow 2 seeds per pocket, spacing them about 20 cm)
- Cover with only a few centimeters without settling the soil.
- Sprinkle in fine rain.
Warning : the bean dreads heat and drought who slows pod formation, this is why we avoid too late crops.
After the beans have emerged:
Keep a loose soilwithout unwanted weeds, hoe regularly.
Good mulching allows to limit the growth of weeds but also the number of waterings.
When the plants are about 15-20 cm tall, stumble the foot on 3-4 cm in order to keep it firmly on the ground.
From the month of May, when the beans form or during flowering, pinch the ends shoots located above the 5th or 6th floor.
Stake the beans:
For the taller varieties and if your vegetable garden can fear strong winds, do not hesitate to stake your bean stems to prevent them from bending at the first gust of wind.
Good and bad associations with the bean:
The bean appreciates the company of artichokes, of the'dill, or even the lettuce.
The bean dread the presence of thegarlic, of the beet, shallots and onions.
Harvesting of the beans takes place about 3 months after sowing.
This period may vary depending on climatic conditions, the quality of the soil and the watering received by the beans.
How? 'Or' What know when to harvest the beans so that they are neither too ripe nor too young?
Several signs allow us to make no mistake ...
- We avoid leaving the pods to age too long on the stalk because the beans tend to harden quite quickly
- Pods can be harvested at 2/3 of their final length
- For a dry harvest, wait until the pods turn black on the stalk.
Conservation of beans
The best way to keep the beans green for a long time is to put them in the freezer.
You can also put them in the refrigerator but the conservation lasts only a few days.
Dry the beans to keep them:
You can also keep beans for months if they have been properly dried.
- Shell the beans
- Dry whole beans in a dry and ventilated place
- When using them, remove the second skin and soak them for about ten hours in water
Although easy to grow and maintain, it is important to watch out for beans whose main enemy is the aphid black.
We notice it when it attacks the stems and sometimes even the pods, forming invasions of small black beasts that undermine the bean harvest.
- Treat as soon as aphids appear.
- Optionally remove parts of infested stems if the invasion is large and localized.
We will also ensure the possible appearance of fungi such as mildew or the rust of the bean.
Bean species and varieties
Here is a selection of different varieties of beans, interesting for their culture, their productivity or their taste interest.
- "Aguadulce": hasty.
- "Three times white": cultivated north of Valence, it is particularly hardy.
- “Red Épicure”: with purple-red grains, these beans are of great aesthetic interest.
- "Primabel": very productive, this is one of the best yields of beans.
- “From Seville”: coarse-grained white, relatively early.
- "Hystal": ideal for early crops.
Virtues and benefits of the bean
The bean is low in calories and high in fiber, which makes it an ingredient that promotes digestion.
Rich in carbohydrates and minerals such as magnesium, potassium or even calcium and vitamins, the bean has a positive action against fatigue and on the digestive system.
It is also often recommended for people with diabetes for the starches it contains which do not affect blood sugar.
- Health: benefits and virtues of the bean
Smart tip about the bean
Do not grow the bean for 2 years in a row in the same place and even wait until the 4th year before starting over in the same place.