The cardamom, also called green cardamom or aromatic cardamom, is a herbaceous plant with rhizome belonging to the Zingiberaceae family.
The plant provides a spice which bears the same name, being part of the same family as the ginger and the turmeric.
Native of the Malabar coast, in India, this plant is very commonly used in gastronomy indian, Asian as well as, more surprisingly, in gastronomy Scandinavian.
Cardamom has a reputation for being the third most expensive spice in the world, after saffron and vanilla.
The use of cardamom is very old and it is credited with many benefits. What are they ? How to use it ?
Cardamom, for the record
There are traces of use of cardamom from the 7th century BC. She was domesticated in southernIndia from wild strains collected in nature. In Europe, we know that this spice was already used in Middle Ages.
Cardamom has a very strong scent. You must therefore respect the dose before using it.
In Europe, it is mainly used in gingerbread. In India, it is highly appreciated for scenting the coffee where the tea. Cardamom works to neutralize caffeine.
Cardamom has also always been used in ayurvedic medicine. This approach, resulting from the indian tradition, is considered the oldest holistic medicine in the world. His benefits and virtues are very numerous.
Virtues and health benefits of cardamom
For a long time, cardamom has been recognized for its effectiveness in the treatment of digestive disorders. It is recommended to treat stomach pains, the constipation, the liver infections and gall bladder, as well as intestinal gas.
This plant also shows its effectiveness for:
- treat conditions, such as cold, the cough or the bronchitis.
- effectively relieve throat and mouth pain.
Natural stimulant which has a slight effect euphoriant, cardamom may also be useful in combating problems of the urinary system.
Cardamom seeds also help fight against loss of appetite by improving stomach health and stimulating digestive juices.
In addition to promoting fresh breath, its many properties make her an ally of people following a slimming diet.
Uses, dosage, instructions for use of cardamom
The easiest way to consume cardamom is to use it in infusion. Use the seeds of the plant to flavor your teas and your cafes. To do this, let 3 or 4 seeds infuse for about 5 minutes.
You can also grind 1 teaspoon of cardamom seed. Then, let them infuse in 25 cl of boiling water for 10 minutes before drinking.
To freshen your breath, to chew simply its seeds.
This very strong flavor, citrus and fresh, can also accompany your dishes.
Growing cardamom for its benefits
Cardamom is a perennial evergreen up to 2 to 3 m in height.
Warning : it is not resistant to a temperature lower than 5 ° C. It is therefore strongly recommended to grow it in a warm greenhouse or indoors; preferably in a bright place out of direct sunlight.
Cardamom blooms in late spring. The fruits reach maturity in September and are harvested a little before maturity. The first harvest takes place three years after planting.
Good to know
Cardamom is reputed to be without any danger and with very few side effects.
The consumption of this plant does not present any danger for pregnant women and those who breastfeed. If used in therapeutic doses, however, it is preferable to see a doctor.