Virtuous plant native to Peru, Bolivia and Colombia, the cockroach grows not far from homes, in gardens and even in altitudes up to 3200 meters, where it multiplies easily.
It also grows in rich soils and abound in southern and western Quebec.
Known as two species quite distinct (Physalis alkekengi and Physalis heterophylla), this plant present in temperate, subtropical and tropical regions, has various medicinal properties and gastronomic.
Read also: how to grow physalis, cockroach
Coqueret of Peru, for the record
Etymologically, the name "Physalis "Is a derivative of the Greek"phusalis " which means "bladder », In reference to the swollen chalice of its fruit.
As for the name "Alkékenge", it comes from the old French "alquequange" which itself has its roots in the Arabic "al-kakang".
The name “cockerel” - which is reminiscent of a rooster's crest - therefore evokes the reddish chalice containing the fruit.
Also called "Cape gooseberry" because, cultivated before 1807 by the first settlers of the Cape of good hope, this plant was then imported into Australia and at Chile. It is cultivated there on a large scale.
Today very well known in Central Africa, more precisely in Gabon and South Africa, the fruit of this plant is even marketed.
Peruvian cockroach, physalis: many appellations
Belonging to the Solanaceae family, the cockerel is a plant that measures 45-90 cm in height and has very branched vertical stems.
Its leaves are oval and sometimes slightly toothed.
The cockerel has a calyx whose fruit East green and ovoid.
"Jewish Cherry", "Cockroach", "Blister Grass", "Peruvian Cockroach", "Ground Cherry", "Cape Currant", "Caged Love", "Winter Cherry", "Chinese Lantern "," Corsican mirabelle "... the names of this downy plant are diverse.
But, what are his virtues ?
Virtues and benefits of cockroach for health
> Medicinal virtues of cockroach
Known for its therapeutic properties, this plant rich in antioxidants is a real source of carotene, provitamin A, vitamin E, phytosterols and of vitamin C.
To this natural heritage, there are also complexes of vitamin B, an exceptional rate of phosphorus rated at 55% but, a tiny amount of protein.
One of the therapeutic benefits attributed to the Peruvian cockroach is its ability to relieve sore throat.
Better yet, it helps strengthen the optic nerve.
Very often, specialists recommend the use of this plant to treat patients suffering from problems of prostate or diabetes of all types.
His diuretic properties would purify the blood.
As for its flavonoid content, Cape gooseberry is also used as a natural tranquilizer.
Widely known in France, the ground cherry was widely used to treat diseases of kidneys, of liver and metabolism.
She was also advised to treat jaundice, thedropsy, the urine retention, and even to lower the fever.
Uric acid eliminator is also an attribute of the Peruvian cockroach, so it was an excellent natural remedy to treat rheumatic problems.
Gastronomy, the Peruvian cockerel in the kitchen
Dicotyledonous plant in the same way as the potato, the tomato, the pepper, theeggplant and chili, the peru cockroach is just as close to poisonous plants such as henbane or bittersweet.
Because of its very fragile fruit, harvesting the Peruvian cockroach is manual and delicate.
His fruit is consumed fresh and nature in the form of jam.
However, you must add pectin because the Peruvian cockroach does not contain it.
Dry, its fruit is eaten in salty or sweet cuisine.
This fruit is therefore very sweet and very popular for making pies.
Uses / dosages: some practical advice
Generally, these are the berries or the cockroach juice who served as remedy.
To consume them, it is recommended to dry the stems by cutting them in 2 to speed up the process.
The fresh berries of the cockroach are eaten:
- in the form of decoction.
To do this, measure 20 to 60 grams of dried berries per liter of water. Bring them to the boil for 5 minutes then let stand for about 10 minutes before drinking.
- in maceration of the whole plant (fruit, leaves and stem) for 8 days in white wine. Then filter and drink 1 glass per day.
An amount of 30 grams per liter is recommended.
Good to know about the cockroach from Peru
The fruits of the Peruvian cockroach remain inside their husks. They can be stored at room temperature between 30 and 45 days.
However, when they are still green, these fruits contain a lot of solanine: which can cause a diarrhea or a gastroenteritis if they are consumed.
Ensure that children are prohibited from consuming them.
Some even claim that the leaves and stems of the ground cherry are toxic.
Also note that physaline is one of the active ingredients of the Peruvian cockroach.
In high doses, it would be abortive.
It is therefore strongly recommended for pregnant women to avoid consuming it.
If you are on medication, talk to your pharmacist or doctor before having herbal treatment.
A medical advice should not be overlooked.